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The Corps
Haynes, The Journal
Nathaniel Hale Pryor
 

Sacagawea Meets Lewis and Clark

The Charbonneaus' Gifts
by Michael Haynes

t is Sunday, 11 November 1804. As the men of the Corps of Discovery work steadily to complete the construction of Fort Mandan before the coming Northern Plains winter — heralded by the cacaphony of two flocks of southbound Canada geese — Toussaint Charbonneau and his two wives, both of the Snake (Shoshone) nation, come to call. While Lewis's Newfoundland dog, Seaman, looks on, Charbonneau presents "4 buffalow Robes" as gifts, according to Sergeant Ordway's journal for the day.

This most likely was Lewis and Clark’s first encounter with the woman who was to play a significant role in the success of the Expedition, not as a guide, as the old legend has it, but as an interpreter — with Charbonneau's help — between the captains and her people. Her name is Sacagawea, a teen-age girl about 17 years of age who was captured by Hidatsa warriors at the Three Forks of the Missouri when she was about 12, and raised through puberty in Metaharta, a Hidatsa village at the mouth of the Knife River.

In the cage at Lewis's right a magpie adds its raucous voice to the morning's general clatter and chatter. Lewis will ship it back to President Jefferson on the keelboat the following spring.

Copies of this print are available direct from the artist.

--Joseph Mussulman, rev. 11/05

Haynes, The Journal
Nathaniel Hale Pryor


 
From Discovering Lewis & Clark ®, http://www.lewis-clark.org © 1998-2014
by The Lewis and Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, Washburn, North Dakota.
Journal excerpts are from The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton
13 vols. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001)