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Natural HistoryMammals - LargeAmerican Bison - Bos bisonImages of the Icon

Herd of Bison near Lake Jesse

Herd of Bison Near Lake Jesse
Herd of Bison Near Lake Jesse
(in east-central North Dakota)
John Mix Stanley
Chromolithograph, 1853-55

Courtesy State Historical Society of North Dakota

rom 1853 to 1855 John Mix Stanley, along with a young German artist, Gustavus Sohon, accompanied one of the six federal "Explorations and Surveys to Ascertain the most practicable and economical route for a railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean." The expeditions were made under the direction of Secretary of War Jefferson Davis during the administrations of Presidents Millard Fillmore (1850-53) and Franklin Pierce (1854-57). The expedition that Stanley and Sohon accompanied, which was led by Isaac Stevens, compared the possibility and practicality of routes in the vicinity of the 48th parallel.

--Joseph Mussulman, rev. 09/05

From Discovering Lewis & Clark ®, http://www.lewis-clark.org © 1998-2014
by The Lewis and Clark Fort Mandan Foundation, Washburn, North Dakota.
Journal excerpts are from The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, edited by Gary E. Moulton
13 vols. (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1983-2001)